The list of the top 10 wealthiest people in history is an attempt to gather and compare the net-worth and fortunes of historical figures against one another. This list includes both nominal and real wealth.

历史上最富有的10位富豪的名单,是试图收集和比较历史人物的净资产和财富。这个清单既包括名义上的财富,也包括实际的财富。

Following is the list of top 10 wealthiest people / historical figures.

以下是十大最富有的人/历史人物。

10. Cornelius Vanderbilt

康奈利·范德比尔特

Top 10 Wealthiest People
Cornelius Vanderbilt gained his fortune from shipping and rail-road. His net worth of US$105 million in 1877 was equal to 1.15% of the U.S. annual GDP in his day. With a real value estimated somewhere between US$143 billion and US$178.4 billion adjusted for the late 2000s (decade), Vanderbilt is one of the wealthiest Americans in the history of the country.

康奈利·范德比尔特从航运和铁路运输中获得了财富。1877年,他的净资产为1.05亿美元,相当于美国当年GDP的1.15%。范德比尔特是美国历史上最富有的美国人之一,他的实际价值估计在1,430亿美元到1784亿美元之间。

9. Bill Gates

比尔盖茨

Top 10 wealthiest people
Bill Gates has singularly amassed the largest nominal fortune in all of history through his computer technology corporation Microsoft, peaking at US$101 billion in 1999. By 2007, his net worth had dropped to US$82 billion, and by 2013 his worth was valued at US$67 billion. Extensive donation to charity is the primary cause of his decrease in wealth. In terms of real value, Gates is likely one of the ten wealthiest Americans in history. He has been placed in the top 10 wealthiest people of all time.

比尔·盖茨通过他的计算机技术公司微软,在历史上拥有了有史以来最大的名义财富,1999年达到了1010亿美元。到2007年,他的资产净值已经下降到820亿美元,到2013年,他的资产价值达到了670亿美元。对慈善事业的大量捐赠是他财富减少的主要原因。就实际价值而言,盖茨可能是历史上最富有的10位美国人之一。他被评为有史以来最富有的10大富豪。

8. Henry Ford

亨利•福特

Top 10 wealthiest people
Henry Ford was an American automotive engineer, entrepreneur, and founder of the Ford Motor Company. Through his designing of the Model T Ford and employing the assembly line means of rapid production, he was able to lower the base price of his product in order to reach a wider market. His highest earnings are recorded at age 57 and he died at the age of 83 in 1947 at a net worth of US$188.1 billion (Inflation adjusted value in 2008 dollars).

亨利·福特是美国汽车工程师、企业家,也是福特汽车公司的创始人。通过他的T型福特T型车的设计,采用流水线的生产方式,他能够降低产品的基本价格,从而达到更广阔的市场。他的最高收入记录在57岁,他在1947年去世,享年83岁,净资产为1881亿美元(通货膨胀调整值为2008年美元)。

7. Don Simón Iturri Patiño

Don Simón Iturri Patiño

Top 10 Wealthiest People
Don Simón Iturri Patiño born in 1862 (died 1947), was a Bolivian industrialist. He took over tin mines in Bolivia and smelters in England and Germany, and by the 1940s he controlled the international tin market. During World War II, Patiño was believed to be one of the five wealthiest people in the world.

Don Simon Iturri Patino生于1862年(死于1947年),是玻利维亚实业家。他接管了玻利维亚的锡矿和英格兰和德国的冶炼厂,到了1940年,他控制了国际锡市场。在第二次世界大战期间,帕蒂诺被认为是世界上最富有的五个人之一。

6. Jacob Fugger

雅各布·福格

Top 10 Wealthiest People
Jacob Fugger was a German banker, merchant and a member of the Fugger banking family of Germany. He achieved a monopoly position in the silk and copper trade in Europe and was main financier and creditor of the Emperor Charles V. His nephew was the wealthy banker, Anton Fugger to whom he bequeathed his wealth upon his death. This heritage amounted to roughly 2.1 million guilders which are ~7,000 kilograms (~15,432 lbs, or $438M USD) of gold and his remaining property.

雅各布·福格(Jacob Fugger)是德国银行家、商人,也是德国福格尔银行家族的成员。他在欧洲的丝绸和铜贸易中取得了垄断地位,他是查尔斯五世皇帝的主要金融家和债权人。他的侄子是富有的银行家,安东·福格,他在他死后留下了他的财富。这一遗产大约有210万盾,其中有7000公斤(约15432磅,约合4.38亿美元)的黄金和他的剩余财产。

5. Heshen

咸丰皇帝

Top 10 Wealthiest People
Heshen was a Manchu official of the Qing Dynasty, a favourite of the Qianlong Emperor, and one of the wealthiest people in modern Chinese history. Upon his death in 1799, his total property was estimated at around 1.100 billion taels of silver, roughly US$42 billion based on 2011 silver prices. Heshen's wealths was the equivalent to the imperial revenue of the Qing government for 15 years.

他是清朝的满族官员,是乾隆皇帝的宠儿,也是中国近代史上最富有的人之一。1799年,他去世后,他的财产总额约为11亿两白银,以2011年白银价格计算,大约为420亿美元。他的财富相当于清朝政府15年的财政收入。

4. Mir Osman Ali Khan

米尔奥斯曼阿里汗

Top 10 Wealthiest People
Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam (ruler) of Hyderabad,who was regarded as the wealthiest person in world. His portrait graced the cover of Time magazine in 1937. He had his own mint, printing his own currency, the Hyderabadi rupee, and a vast private treasury. Its coffers were said to contain £100m in gold and silver bullion, and a further £400m of jewels. Among them was the Jacob Diamond (Koh-i-Noor), valued at some £100m (in 2008), and used by the Nizam as a paperweight. There were also other treasures; gems, pearls – enough to pave Piccadilly Circus–, hundreds of race horses, thousands of uniforms, tonnes of royal regalia and Rolls-Royces by the dozen. The Nizam is widely believed to have remained as the richest man on Earth until his death in 1967.

米尔·奥斯曼·阿里·汗,海得拉巴的最后一位统治者,他被认为是世界上最富有的人。1937年,他的肖像登上了《时代》杂志的封面。他有自己的造币厂,印着自己的货币,Hyderabadi卢比,还有一个庞大的私人金库。金库被认为包含£100的黄金和白银黄金,并进一步£400 m的珠宝。其中有雅各布·戴蒙德(Koh-i-Noor),在2008年被估价为1亿英镑(2008年),并被尼扎姆用作镇纸。还有其他的宝物;宝石、珍珠——足以用来铺开皮卡迪利广场——数百匹赛马、数千套制服、几吨皇家regalia和劳斯莱斯(劳斯莱斯)。人们普遍认为尼扎姆在1967年去世之前一直是地球上最富有的人。

3. Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov

尼古拉·亚历山大罗曼诺夫

Top 10 Wealthiest People
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, born in 1868 as Nikolai Alexandrovich into the House of Romanov, was the emperor of the Russian Empire from 1894 until the February Revolution of 1917. Around age 48 (in 1916) his wealth was valued at up to US$881 million, which equals US$290 billion in today's money. He is seen as the wealthiest monarch and head of state in history and further as the wealthiest saint as the Russian Orthodox Church declared him, his wife and his children martyrs after being murdered in 1918 by the Bolsheviks.

俄罗斯沙皇尼古拉二世(沙皇尼古拉二世)生于1868年,尼古拉·亚历山德罗维奇(Nikolai Alexandrovich)出生在罗曼诺夫家族,1894年至1917年2月革命期间,他是俄罗斯帝国的皇帝。大约48岁(1916年),他的财富价值高达8.81亿美元,相当于今天的2900亿美元。他被认为是历史上最富有的君主和国家元首,并被认为是最富有的圣人,正如俄罗斯东正教会宣布他,他的妻子和他的孩子们在1918年被布尔什维克谋杀后的殉道者。

2. Andrew Carnegie

安德鲁·卡内基

Top 10 Wealthiest People
One of the most famous manufacturers of America is originally from Scotland, born in 1835 in Dunfermline. The Andrew Carnegie came to America a kid, and started working in a steel factory. In 1892, he founded the Carnegie Steel plant in Pittsburgh which immediately began to be terribly profitable after the sale in 1901 merged with the giant US Steel. The Carnegie was a great humanist and dies before the 83 years had donated much of his fortune to schools, libraries and universities.

美国最著名的制造商之一来自苏格兰,1835年出生在敦弗姆林。安德鲁·卡内基来到美国,开始在一家钢铁厂工作。1892年,他在匹兹堡建立了卡内基钢铁厂,并在1901年与美国钢铁巨头合并后,立即开始盈利。卡耐基是一位伟大的人文主义者,在83年之前去世,他把自己的大部分财产捐给了学校、图书馆和大学。

1. John D. Rockefeller

约翰。洛克菲勒

Top 10 Wealthiest People
The tycoon John D. Rockefeller changed the facts in regards to wealth when America almost managed to monopolize the oil market in the late 1800s. The famous New Yorker founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870, and became wealthy in a time when the demand for kerosene and gasoline was huge. Indeed he became so wealthy that left the company in 1897 and spent the last 40 years of his life in retirement. In his last days, the Rockefeller donated much of his fortune in schools and medical research while he founded the University of Chicago. When considering the real value of his wealth, Rockefeller is widely held to be the wealthiest person in history.

当美国在19世纪末几乎垄断了石油市场时,大亨约翰·d·洛克菲勒改变了财富的事实。著名的纽约人在1870年建立了标准石油公司,在煤油和汽油需求巨大的时候,他变得富有起来。事实上,他变得非常富有,在1897年离开了公司,并在退休后的40年里度过了一生。在他最后的日子里,洛克菲勒捐赠了他在学校和医学研究中的大部分财富,同时他创立了芝加哥大学。在考虑到他的财富的真正价值时,洛克菲勒被广泛认为是历史上最富有的人。

Resource Wikipedia.

资源维基百科。