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剑桥雅思13 雅思范文: 粮食不足

Cambridge English 13second

IELTSa Writing Task 2

 

Topic:

 

In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry.  Why is this the case? What can be done about this problem?

尽管农业取得了进步,但世界上许多人还是挨饿。为什么会这样?对于这个问题,我们能做些什么呢?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你的答案的原因,并从你自己的知识或经验中包含任何相关的例子。


Essay:

 

The possibility of a global food shortage is looming and the effects could be felt in the near future. Although all kinds of advances made in agriculture from using fertilizers to mechanization have increased food production, many people around the world still go hungry.  The causes of this global dilemma are well-known and the solutions might be found in human will in a new age of science and technology that have the potential to transform agriculture and food production.

全球粮食短缺的可能性正在逼近,这种影响可能在不久的将来就会显现。尽管农业从化肥到机械化的各种进步都增加了粮食产量,但世界各地的许多人仍然在挨饿。造成这种全球困境的原因是众所周知的,解决办法可能在人类将在科学和技术的新时代中找到,有可能改变农业和粮食生产。


A combination of five main factors contribute to the problem of food shortages as seen in some regions on the planet.  The first factor is poverty trap since people in need simply do not have enough money to purchase the food they need, even if the supply may be available. The second factor is constant disruptions of people’s lives such as armed conflicts, prolonged droughts or severe floods.  The third factor is the global warming that causes the climate to change, resulting in seasons of bad harvests. The fourth factor is the uncontrolled population growth, which means there will be many more human beings to be fed. The fifth factor is food wastage because it is estimated that one third of food produced is never consumed, which represents a missed opportunity to improve global food security in a world where one in eight is hungry.

五种主要因素的结合导致了全球一些地区出现粮食短缺的问题。第一个因素是贫困陷阱,因为需要的人根本没有足够的钱来购买他们需要的食物,即使供应可能是可用的。第二个因素是人们生活的不断中断,如武装冲突、长期干旱或严重水灾。第三个因素是导致气候变化的全球变暖,导致了收成不好的季节。第四个因素是不受控制的人口增长,这意味着将会有更多的人类被美联储。第五个因素是食物浪费,因为据估计,三分之一的食品生产是没有消费,代表一个错失的机会提高全球粮食安全的世界,八分之一是饿了。


Are there effective solutions to the food crisis? The good news is that innovation in agriculture is coming to rescue.  Up-to-date information science and technology, improved communication systems, robotics, drones and other new inventions have the likelihood to boost agricultural yields and reduce food wastage while tempering environmental degradation.  As an example, for the past dozen years or so, farmers have used tractors equipped with GPS and computers to collect data on how much amounts of fertilizer, water, and seeds are delivered where. The next generation of devices and systems include robots that can move along rows of crops and identify where inputs are necessary while drones can gather similar information through high-resolution visual imagery.

对粮食危机有有效的解决办法吗?好消息是农业方面的创新正在到来。最新的信息科学和技术、改进的通讯系统、机器人技术、无人机和其他新发明都有可能提高农业产量和减少食物浪费,同时缓和环境恶化。举个例子,在过去的十几年里,农民们使用了装有全球定位系统和电脑的拖拉机来收集关于肥料、水和种子的数量的数据。下一代的设备和系统包括机器人,它们可以沿着成排的作物移动,识别出需要输入的地方,而无人机可以通过高分辨率的视觉图像收集相似的信息。


In conclusion, there is no deficit in scientific and technological methodology, but there is a deficit in human will to solve the problem of food shortages. In view of the fact that millions and millions of people who are still hungry, effective actions should be taken in innovating science and technology. Otherwise, the global food problem is likely coming sooner than is expected.

总之,在科学和技术方法上没有赤字,但是在解决粮食短缺问题上存在着人类的缺陷。鉴于数以百万计的人仍然饥饿,应该采取有效的行动来创新科学和技术。否则,全球粮食问题可能会比预期来得更快。