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剑桥雅思13 雅思范文: 历时课程

Cambridge English 13

IELTS Writing Task 2

 

Topic:

 

Some people say that history is one of the most important school subjects.  Other people think that, in today’s world, subjects like science and technology are more important than history.

有人说历史是最重要的学科之一。其他人认为,在当今世界,科学和技术等学科比历史更重要。

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

讨论这两种观点并给出你自己的观点。

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你的答案的原因,并从你自己的知识或经验中包含任何相关的例子。


Essay:

 

Today’s education seems to value the dreams of the future over the memory of the past. It is clear that school subjects like science and technology are given more importance than history.  It is true that students need to be scientifically and technologically literate to succeed in school and beyond, but history should always have a place in the school curriculum.

今天的教育似乎对未来的梦想比过去的记忆更有价值。很明显,像科学和技术这样的学科比历史更重要。诚然,学生需要在科学和技术上取得成功,才能在学校和其他领域取得成功,但历史应该始终在学校课程中占有一席之地。

 

In schools, young people need to study science and technology and nurture the advanced skills necessary to build a dynamic economy for a brighter future. It has often been said that science and technology are the key to the economic future, so the more students are attracted to science and technology, the more economic opportunities there will be. Those skills learned in schools  are integral to every aspect of a student’s education and career life.  It is because through studying the subjects of science and technology, students are taught to think and solve problems and make informed decisions in the workplace. In comparison, the role of science and technology in education is more important than that of history as a school subject since the former is looking forward to the future while the latter is looking back into the past.

在学校里,年轻人需要学习科学和技术,培养为一个更光明的未来建立一个充满活力的经济所必需的先进技能。人们常说,科学技术是经济发展的关键,因此,越来越多的学生被科技所吸引,那里的经济机会就会越多。在学校里学到的技能是学生教育和职业生涯中不可或缺的一部分。因为通过研究科学和技术的学科,学生们被教导去思考和解决问题,并在工作场所做出明智的决定。相比之下,科学和技术在教育中的作用比历史作为学校学科更重要,因为前者是展望未来,而后者则是在回顾过去。

 

Then, why is history education taught in today’s schools? To begin with, the study of history enables students to understand how past human activities affect the present and influence the future, and such study of change and development over time allows young people to evaluate these effects in a disciplined way. Thus, students should be aware that a generation which ignores history has no past, no present, and no future; and that history is not a burden on the memory but rather an illumination of the present and the future.  It is also necessary for them to realize that those who want the present to be different from the past must study the past, and those who want to understand today have to search yesterday. Being a school subject, history is very unlike science and technology that stress innovation for the future since history usually  repeats itself and never says goodbye but says, ‘See you later.’

那么,为什么今天的学校会教历史教育呢?首先,对历史的研究使学生了解过去的人类活动如何影响现在和影响未来,而随着时间的推移,对变化和发展的研究使年轻人能够以一种有纪律的方式来评价这些影响。因此,学生应该意识到,忽视历史的一代人没有过去,没有现在,没有未来;历史不是对记忆的负担,而是对现在和未来的启示。他们也有必要认识到,那些想要与过去有所不同的人必须研究过去,而那些想要了解今天的人必须在昨天进行研究。作为一个学校的主题,历史与科学和技术非常不一样,它强调对未来的创新,因为历史通常会重演,永远不会说再见,而是说:“回头见。”

 

In the economic context, school subjects like science and technology appear to be more important than history.  However, young people should not abandon the memory of the past because it is a tool to mirror the present and the future. From time to time, people must never stop dreaming for the future while remembering the past.

在经济环境中,像科学和技术这样的学科似乎比历史更重要。然而,年轻人不应该放弃对过去的记忆,因为它是反映现在和未来的工具。时常,人们在回忆过去的时候,永远不能停止对未来的梦想。