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雅思范文: 迁移工厂

Cambridge IELTS 12


Topic:

 

Traffic and housing problems in major cities could be solved by moving large companies and  factories and their employees to the countryside.  To what extent do your agree or disagree with this statement?

 大城市的交通和住房问题可以通过将大公司、工厂和员工转移到农村来解决。你在多大程度上同意或不同意这种说法?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你的答案的原因,并从你自己的知识或经验中包含任何相关的例子。

 

Essay:

 

With transport and accommodation problems becoming increasingly serious in over-crowded cities, some governments are encouraging factories and companies and their employees to move to rural areas, as a solution.  It is said that the more industries and their employees are willing to move out of big cities, the more likely this solution could be done to solve the problems. If this policy of demographic shifting is on the official agenda, what may be the advantages and disadvantages?

由于交通和住宿问题在人口过多的城市变得越来越严重,一些政府正在鼓励工厂和企业及其员工搬到农村地区,作为解决办法。据说,越多的行业和员工愿意走出大城市,解决问题的可能性就越大。如果这种人口转移政策是在官方议程上的,那么它的优点和缺点是什么呢?

 

On the positive side, the solution presented by the authorities concerned can be beneficial.  It is because relocating industries (along with their workers) to rural areas will reduce traffic congestions and relieve housing shortages in urban areas, almost at the same time. After understanding that these two problems are a result of over-population in the process of urbanization, the solution (if feasible) could  “kill two birds with one stone,” so to speak. In other words, with the decrease in the number of people, there will not be continued scarcity of houses. Nor will there be continued traffic congestions in cities. Hopefully, through this way of counter-urbanization, not only traffic and housing problems could be solved, but also opportunities could be given to the countryside to improve the rural economic outlook.  

从积极的方面来说,有关当局提出的解决办法是有益的。这是因为将工业(连同他们的工人)转移到农村地区将减少交通拥堵,缓解城市地区的住房短缺问题,几乎同时发生。在认识到这两个问题是城市化进程中人口过剩的结果后,解决方案(如果可行的话)可以“一石二鸟”。换句话说,随着人口的减少,房屋的短缺将不会持续。城市的交通拥堵也不会持续。希望通过这种反城市化的方式,不仅可以解决交通和住房问题,还可以给农村提供改善农村经济前景的机会。

 

On the negative side, the solution may be easier said than done simply because cities cannot ‘push’ enough whereas villages cannot ‘pull’ enough. If nothing else, governments and companies would have to spend a good amount of money even before starting the business operations. This is what most companies in urban areas would not come to terms with, meaning that the ‘push’ factors are not strong, on the one hand. And on the other hand, the ‘pull’ factors are not strong due to lack of adequate infrastructure in the rural areas. For that matter, it is important for rural areas to offer enticing incentives aimed at attracting new residents. These incentives can range from cash grants to free lots of land because, without such incentives, industries would not be lured from cities to the countryside.

消极的一面是,解决方案说起来容易,做起来难,因为城市不能“推”到足够多的地方,而乡村的“拉动”就不够了。如果没有其他措施,政府和企业在开始经营业务之前就必须花费大量的资金。这是大多数城市地区的公司不会接受的,也就是说,“推”的因素并不强烈。另一方面,由于农村地区缺乏足够的基础设施,“拉动”的因素并不强烈。就这一点而言,农村地区提供吸引新居民的诱人动机是很重要的。这些激励措施可以从现金补贴到免费的大量土地,因为如果没有这样的激励,工业就不会被从城市吸引到农村。

 

To sum up, moving industries from over-crowded cities to the countryside would be a change mixed with pros and cons.  It must be remembered that there is no such thing as problem-free solution, to be sure.  But without a solution whatever, traffic and housing problems could turn out to be even worse.

综上所述,将行业从拥挤的城市转移到农村将是一种利弊参半的变化,必须记住,没有什么问题是没有问题的解决方案。但如果没有解决方案,交通和住房问题可能会变得更糟。

 

Related topics:

 

--The government should encourage industries and businesses to move out of big cities into regional areas.  To what extent do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

 ——政府应鼓励产业和企业走出大城市,进入区域。你认为利大于弊?

--In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities.  Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?

 ——在一些国家,政府鼓励工业和企业迁往大城市以外的地区。这一趋势的利大于弊吗?

--With many problems of transport and accommodation in cities, some governments are encouraging businesses to move to rural areas.  Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

 ——在城市交通和住宿问题上,一些政府鼓励企业迁往农村。你认为利大于弊吗?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你的答案的原因,并从你自己的知识或经验中包含任何相关的例子。