学英语_英语学习_每日在线英语学习_免费英语学习网站-爱思英语网 www.djnima.com 爱思英语编者按:一年又一年,考研队伍不断壮大。一些人为过独木桥寒窗苦读,而还有一些人则玩起了“潜规则”,考研过程中的学术腐败(academic corruption)现象日益严重。

Crackdown on epidemic cheating
考研折射象牙塔腐败行为

Registration for the national entrance examinations for postgraduate study started last month, but it seems some students can’t resist the temptation to take shortcuts.
上个月,全国考研报名工作启动,而似乎有那么一些学生抵制不住“走捷径”的诱惑。

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Media reports show that a cheating epidemic has swept many universities in recent years, with thousands of students plagiarizing, bribing teachers or buying essays online.
从各大媒体的报道中我们可以看到,近年来许多高校考研作弊成风。学生涉嫌抄袭、贿赂考官,或在线购买论文的事例数不胜数。


Bribery usually happens in the second round of written tests and interviews, in which universities have the final say on results. Education experts have expressed concern over the phenomenon.
贿赂考官的现象常见于第二轮笔试和面试阶段,在复试阶段,学校方面掌握着生杀大权。教育专家们对这一现象表示担忧。


“It’s quite worrying to find students offering precious gifts or even cash to a teacher,” said Zhang Guoliang, professor of communication at Shanghai Jiaotong University.
来自上海交通大学的传播学张国良教授表示:“学生给考官送厚礼,甚至是送现金的现象令人十分担忧。”


“Although universities are getting better at detecting bribery, the view across the education sector is that the practice has increased,” said Zhang.
张国良教授说:“尽管各高校在揭发贿赂方面做得越来越好,但放眼教育界,这类事件还是频频发生。”


Students are complaining about being affected by misconduct in graduate school recruitment. Chen Huanhuan, 26, enrolled in the postgraduate school of journalism and communication at a university in South China in 2009. She said there was only one government-subsidized place.
学生们对于研究生录取环节中的不法行为抱怨连连。26岁的陈欢欢于2009年考上了南方一所大学的新闻与传播学专业的研究生。她说,当时学校只有一个公费名额。


“I achieved the highest score in the preliminary exam - nearly 30 points higher than the next student. But the result of the second exam showed that another girl had surpassed me,” explained Chen. “Later, I learnt from underhand dealings. It was unfair. She took the subsidized place and I had to pay the fees.”
她解释说:“我初试成绩最高,比第二名足足高出了近30分。但复试结束后,另一名女孩的成绩却超过了我。我后来才知道是走后门的原因。这太不公平了,她拿到了公费名额,我就得自费求学。”


For students trying to enter postgraduate school at another university, competition from undergraduates in the target university can be fierce.
对于那些想考外校研究生的同学们来说,与来自报考学校的本校学生间的竞争会尤为激烈。


Lin Weiqiang, 24, was unable to enter graduate school last year after completing his degree in computer science at South China University of Technology.
24岁的林伟强(音译)去年从南方科技大学计算机科学专业毕业后,遭遇了考研失利。


He visited his target university, but could hardly even meet with tutors. “Local students can easily make an appointment with tutors. Some even bring expensive gifts,” said Lin.
他曾拜访过自己想要报考的学校,但几乎连导师的面都见不到。他说:“他们本校的学生和导师见面很容易。一些学生甚至还给导师送上厚礼。”


Candidates who get on postgraduate courses by cheating lack motivation to work hard.
那些通过作弊考上研究生的考生往往缺乏刻苦学习的动力。


“Many subjects are a waste of time for me,” said a student surnamed Zhao, 25, an art history major. “But earlier this year, I found a way to get better grades by bribing a teacher with fancy wines and money. ”
就读于艺术史专业、今年25岁的赵某表示:“对我而言,许多科目都是在浪费时间。而今年年初,我发现只要给老师送上名酒和红包,考试就可以得高分了。”


The government is trying to combat cheating by establishing new laws. Universities are also taking a more serious stance on academic misconduct.
政府部门正尝试通过立法,来打击作弊行为。各大高校也更加严肃地对待学术不端行为。


Educators have introduced measures to prevent inappropriate intervention. Many colleges require at least three teachers to sit in on interviews.
教育工作者已经采取了一系列防止作弊的措施。许多高校规定,面试考官至少要三位以上。


Luo Tiehui, deputy director of the Enrollment and Employment Center at Wuhan University said, “Anyone can complain via the phone number and email address published on our website. We monitor the performance of postgraduates through tutors.”
武汉大学招生就业处副处长罗铁辉说:“每个人都可以通过学校官网上公布的电话或邮箱来投诉。我们会通过研究生导师来监督相关学生的表现。”


Any suspected cases of impropriety in the marking of an exam will be reported and investigated by the university.
任何涉嫌考试分数作弊的行为一律上报,由学校方面进行调查和处理。


He Hong, deputy director of the academic affairs office at Sun Yat-sen University said: “For a student found guilty of misconduct, a range of penalties apply, including expulsion from the university.”
中山大学教务处副处长何洪表示:“一旦学生被查出有作弊行为,将会受到包括开除学籍在内的一系列处分。”